In this paper a method for estimating the ‘service life’ and ‘residual life’ of a water pipe based on the Water Pipe Network Performance Evaluation(WPNPE) results of Water Supply Technical Diagnosis was developed for efficient maintenance of water pipes. The residual life of a pipe was defined as the difference between the service life and elapsed time since installation. The service life was defined as the time when a pipe reaches the reference score for determining deteriorated pipes that was used in the WPNPE. The pipe evaluation criteria and deterioration scores used in the WPNPE for the case study area were considered as independent variables in the multiple regression model for estimating the service life and residual life of the pipes in the area. To estimate the service life for the pipes the reference scores for determining deteriorated pipes were used as the values of the variables that represent the deterioration scores in the constructed regression models. Subsequently, the statistics of the service life and residual life of the pipes in the case study area were presented and analyzed in comparison with the service life defined by the Local Public Enterprizes Act.