Hydraulic variables such as discharge coefficient, gate opening, and upstream water depth are required to calculate the discharge of vertical lift gate. It is very important for a precise gate design, because it may affect the rest, to predict the behavior of gate opening during operation. In this study, an equation by which gate opening could be predicted with any upstream water depths was derived from the relation between the calculated value from buoyancy theory and measured one from experiment for a floating gate model. Downpull force was the reason for the differences between the calculated and the measured and it was verified using pressure coefficient. Also, the relation of discharge coefficient with gate opening ratios was derived. The derived relations were used for flood routing and it was realized that downpull force effect should be fully taken into account during gate design.