In this study, the optimum pump operation technique is suggested to decrease the damage rate of water distribution system. Pump operation system was developed to achieve the effective pump operation. Pressure sensors which can communicate with pumps are installed at the end of water distribution system. Pump operation system can control the pressure of water pump according to data sent from the pressure sensors. Therefore, water distribution system can reduce the pressure and maintain enough pressure which can supply the demand of water users. For proving effectiveness of new system, reliability model was introduced to compare the results of damage rates between the maintaining high pressure and selective pressure in water pump. Unsteady analysis was conducted with several scenarios. And the results were used to calculate the probability of pipe breakage. From the results, it was found that new pump operation system can reduce the energy usage and probability of pipe breakage by applying to pumps.